Generational study

Study on the emergence of a new generation of European women filmmakers: a new dynamic seems to be on the rise

The story of the “Femmes de cinéma” Lab is related to the story of Les Arcs European Film Festival, which 8th edition honoured the new generation of European female filmmakers, with an exceptional programme.

The purpose of this programme was to highlight the emergence of a new generation [1] of European female directors who is starting to take over.

In order to prove what was only an intuition at the beginning, the festival realized a statistical study in 2016, on the position of women filmmakers in Europe, in partnership with the Sisley d’Ornano Foundation, France Televisions, the CNC and Le Deuxième Regard.

The conclusions of this study show that a new dynamic is about to take place.

[1] For the purposes of this study, it is considered that one generation corresponds to one completed film. Generation 1 = generation of directors having completed a first film. Generation 2 = generation of directors having completed their second film, etc.

The quantitative study

Contrary to previous studies, this one observes the situation under a generational angle.

We want to see if the proportion of female filmmakers who have directed their first film in the last years (called “the new generation” in the study), will be stable when they make their second film and so on. For us this is the key notion in order to analyze women’s place in cinema in Europe.

Our team has established a list of all the films produced and released since 2012 in 30 European countries, and then studied the gender and generation of the director for each film.

Therefore, it was possible, for each country and on a European average, to compare the generations of filmmakers and to check whether or not with the new generation, films were predominantly made by women compared to the previous one.

From a qualitative point of view

The study follows the evolution of implemented policies in the different countries of the field of the study and its relationship with the evolution of women’s position in cinema.

It seems important to us to show what is happening in other countries of the European Union. What works and what works less. The European dimension of the Lab also goes through what is being done around us in Europe. When a policy is working in a country and is shifting the lines in the representation of women in cinema, it doesn’t necessarily mean that it will work in another country, but at least it can be a source of inspiration…and of persuasion.

2022 Study

2021 Study

2018 Study


2020 Study

2017 Study


2019 Study


2016 Study


Follow-up on the study on the position of the new generation of European women filmmakers

In order to follow up on the evolution of the statistics on the proportion of women filmmakers in Europe, the Lab produces every year an update on the study produced by Les Arcs Film Festival in 2016.